Of the many prophecies of the Christ throughout the Old Testament, Psalm 22 is the most conclusive prophecy pointing towards Jesus being the Messiah. I have written about Psalm 22 often here, including my post “Psalm 22-David’s Prophecy of the Christ”. When Jesus said on the cross “My God, My God, why have You forsaken Me?”, He wasn’t speaking to God. In fact, He was quoting the first verse of Psalm 22, which are those very same words. He was pointing out to those with eyes and ears that what was happening to Him was Psalm 22 being fulfilled. The psalms were written around 1000BC mostly by King David. In this psalm, it speaks not just of the crucifixion (verse16), but how those who would mock Him. Verses 7-8 say “All they that see Me laugh at Me with scorn: they portrude the lip, they shake the head, saying” “He trusted on the Lord that He would deliver Him: let Him deliver Him, seeing He delighted in Him.” In Matthew 27:42-43, the scribes and elders said mockingly “He saved others, Himself He cannot save. If He be the King of Israel, let Him come down now from the cross, and we will believe Him.” “He trusted in God; let Him deliver Him now, if He will have Him, for He said ‘I am the Son of God.'” Back in verse 39, it says people shook their heads as they passed by Him. As I have put forth here, Satan’s wish wasn’t to have Jesus die there. He would have loved to keep the Christ from being born or killed as a baby, but not there on the cross. Satan’s plan was to have Christ’s last hours to be so brutal, and to use those who were of him to mock Him so hopefully Jesus would get to a point where He couldn’t take it and call on the angels to save Him. If He did call on the angels to save Him, they would have, but Satan would have gotten what he wanted, which was that no one would die for the sins of this creation. It could only be His life to be laid down, since He was sinless. There can be no one else to come after to pay the price. There was not one moment Jesus couldn’t have gotten out of that brutal death, but He didn’t. God did not forsake Him, nor was He accusing God of doing so. He was quoting Psalm 22, which began with those words so the Messiah would repeat them on the cross to make people ask “Why wasn’t that a sin?” Psalm 22 is the answer.
The prophet Isaiah gave a few prophecies of the Christ also, especially in chapter 53. Verse 3 says that He will be despised by men. Verses 4 and 5 speak about Him being offered for our sins and iniquities. Verse 7 says that He will be silent as He is brought like a lamb for the slaughter. Verse 10 says His soul will be an offering for sin. In verse 12 Isaiah says He will bare the sin of many and made intercession for the transgressors. This prophecy shows the Messiah must die as an offering for our sins. Those who looked to Jesus to bring about an eternal kingdom for Israel did not know the scriptures. The Messiah must first die.
Another prophecy of the Christ given by David was Psalm 110, with the first verse saying “The Lord said to my Lord, ‘Sit at My right hand until I make Your enemies Your footstool.” This also shows that the Messiah will die in order to be in heaven with God.
Psalm 16 was another prophecy, with verse 10 saying “For You will not leave My soul in hell; neither will You make Your Holy One to see corruption.” The word “corruption” meant “decay”. Jesus’ body rose on the third day, so it didn’t decay. Another prophecy showing the Messiah would die. When did this happen?
There are other prophecies of the Messiah, but these are the most convincing ones. I call Psalm 22 the most important chapter in all of the Bible because it proves quite conclusively that Jesus was the Messiah, thus proving God also exists. If you read what the apostles were up against in an effort to spread the Gospel that Christ lived, died for our sins, and lives again, you will see that this message had help spreading all over the world. Only God could have saw to that against all the elements.